How To Get Rid Of Freckles Through Laser And Other Methods
Freckles on skin, often considered nature’s confetti, can be charming for some and unwanted features for others. Whether you love or dislike them, understanding the science behind freckles and the options available for freckle removal is essential. In this blog, we’ll explore how to get rid of freckles, their cause, and the game-changer in the world of dermatology — freckle removal laser treatments.
What Are Freckles?
A tiny small pigment or spots appear beneath your skin called freckles or ephelides. They are caused by many reasons and mostly do not go away on their own. People with fair skin are more likely to get those spots but you can even get freckles on darker skin and in your early teens.
What Causes Freckles?
Before we embark on our journey to removing freckles on face, let’s uncover the mystery behind how do freckles form on your skin.
- People with fair skin and red or light-colored hair.
- Freckles from sun – A true culprit.
- Hormonal Changes
Laser For Freckle Removal
This brings us to the star of the show — freckle removal laser treatments. Freckles removal laser treatments have revolutionized the field of dermatology, offering a highly effective solution for those seeking a quick and efficient way to bid farewell to those sun-kissed spots. Laser technology has advanced by leaps and bounds, offering various types of lasers for dark skin freckles or whatever the causes are. Let’s break it down into simple terms.
Click here to read in detail about Laser treatment and its types.
1- Q-Switched Lasers: Snipers:
Imagine these lasers as ultra-precise spot removers. Q-switched lasers are like tiny lightning bolts that target freckles on lips or other parts of the body precisely. A pulse of energy is released in a fraction of a second breaking down the pigment in the freckles without damaging the surrounding skin. Think of it as a sniper targeting just the freckle while sparing the rest of your skin.
2- Alexandrite Lasers – Sharpshooter:
If Q-switched lasers are like snipers, Alexandrite lasers are more like sharpshooters. emit a specific wavelength of light that is absorbed by the pigment called melanin in your freckle skin. Due to this energy, pigments shatter causing the freckle on arm or wherever it is to fade away over time.
This type of laser is effective for people with fair to light skin tones.
3- Ruby Lasers:
Another player in the freckle removal game is the Ruby lasers. Just like Alexandrite lasers, they also target melanin but with a slightly different wavelength. Instead of dark skin freckles, this type of laser works well for light freckles and can be a good option for individuals with fair skin.
4- Fractional Lasers:
Fractional lasers are like the artists of the bunch. They create tiny micro-injuries in the skin, stimulating collagen production and encouraging the skin to heal itself. This process gradually fades freckles and improves overall skin texture. This type of laser is suitable for various skin types and tones.
5- IPL (Intense Pulsed Light):
It is not technically a laser, but it’s often grouped in with laser treatments. It uses a broad spectrum of light to target freckles and other pigmentation issues. It can work on a range of skin types but requires multiple sessions for desired results.
Study shows that 90% of freckles fade away after Laser treatment.
A typical freckle removal laser session is relatively quick and straightforward. The dermatologist will cleanse your skin and apply a numbing cream if necessary. Then, they’ll use the laser to target the freckles, with each pulse of the laser lasting just a fraction of a second. You may feel a slight tingling or snapping sensation during the procedure, but it’s generally well-tolerated.
How to Get Rid of Freckles:
We have seen in detail how to get rid of freckles on face and body now it’s time to explore the other methods available for those who wish to remove the appearance of these sun-kissed marks.
Sunscreen is Your Best Friend:
You must have heard that prevention is always better than cure. Sunscreen is the first line of defense against freckles. Apply sunscreen generously before stepping out into the sun, and remember to reapply every two hours.
Click here to learn more about the safest sunscreen ingredient.
Tip: Wear sunscreen with high SPF.
Topical Lightening Agents:
Over-the-counter (OTC) and prescription creams containing ingredients like hydroquinone, kojic acid, or glycolic acid can help lighten freckles over time. However, these products require consistent use and patience, as results may take several weeks to become noticeable.
A chemical peel is another cosmetic procedure performed by a dermatologist that involves the application of a chemical solution to the skin. As a result, the top layer of the skin peels off, revealing fresher, less pigmented skin underneath. This method not only helps to reduce the appearance of freckles but also improves overall skin tone.
Microdermabrasion is a non-invasive procedure and somewhat similar to chemical peels but less aggressive. In this procedure, the top layer of skin exfoliates and can be effective in reducing the visibility of sun damage freckles or if caused by any other reason.
A quick rule of thumb:
- Q-Switched Lasers: Ideal for all skin types, especially for darker freckles.
- Alexandrite and Ruby Lasers: Best for lighter skin tones with light to medium freckles.
- Fractional Lasers: Versatile and can work for various skin types and tones.
- IPL: Effective for a range of skin types, but requires more sessions.
Remember, removal is not an instant process. It takes time, and you may need several sessions to achieve your desired results. Always consult with a qualified dermatologist or laser specialist to determine which laser is best for you.
Freckles removal by laser procedure is considered a safe process if done under a well-qualified and professional expert. But just like other treatments, it may have some side effects too. Here are some common side effects:
- Redness and Swelling.
- Pigment Changes.
- Crusting and Scabbing.
- Pain and Discomfort.
- Infection and Scarring.
- Blistering and Crusting:
- Reactivation of Cold Sores.
- Persistent Freckles.
- Eye Protection.
Discuss the potential side effects and risks with your dermatologist before undergoing freckle removal laser treatment. Your healthcare provider can better evaluate your skin type, and specific freckles you want to remove and provide personalized recommendations.
What is a medical term for a freckle?
Freckle or colored pigment beneath your skin is called ephelides in medical terms.
How to remove freckles?
There are many ways to remove freckles including laser, microdermabrasion, and chemical peels.
Do freckles go away on it own?
Freckles usually need treatment specifically if they are results of genes, but sometimes they go away on its own just like in pregnancy where these spots are referred to as pregnancy masks.
Can I use freckles removal cream?
Freckles removal creams are not generally safe to use due to their harsh chemical and unwanted ingredients that can even more harm to your skin and the results can’t be reversed.
Freckles are a natural part of some people’s skin and can be considered beautiful by many, however, for those who prefer a freckle-free complexion, a range of options exists, including laser freckle removal treatments. These advanced procedures offer an efficient and safe way to achieve the desired results, provided they are performed by qualified professionals.